What is HTML?
- HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
- HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages
- HTML describes the structure of a Web page
- HTML consists of a series of elements
- HTML elements tell the browser how to display the content
- HTML elements label pieces of content such as “this is a heading”, “this is a paragraph”, “this is a link”, etc.
<!DOCTYPE html>declaration defines that this document is an HTML5 document
<html>element is the root element of an HTML page
<head>element contains meta information about the HTML page
<title>element specifies a title for the HTML page (which is shown in the browser’s title bar or in the page’s tab)
<body>element defines the document’s body, and is a container for all the visible contents, such as headings, paragraphs, images, hyperlinks, tables, lists, etc.
<h1>element defines a large heading
<p>element defines a paragraph
What is an HTML Element?
An HTML element is defined by a start tag, some content, and an end tag:<tagname>Content goes here…</tagname>
The HTML element is everything from the start tag to the end tag:<h1>My First Heading</h1><p>My first paragraph.</p>
|Start tag||Element content||End tag|
|<h1>||My First Heading||</h1>|
|<p>||My first paragraph.||</p>|