Top K Frequent Words Solution Amazon OA 2022

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Top K Frequent Words Solution

Given a non-empty list of words, return the k most frequent elements. Your answer should be sorted by frequency from highest to lowest. If two words have the same frequency, then the word with the lower alphabetical order comes first.

Example 1:

Input: [“i”, “love”, “leetcode”, “i”, “love”, “coding”], k = 2

Output: [“i”, “love”]

Explanation:

  • “i” and “love” are the two most frequent words.
  • Note that “i” comes before “love” due to a lower alphabetical order.

Example 2:

Input: [“the”, “day”, “is”, “sunny”, “the”, “the”, “the”, “sunny”, “is”, “is”], k = 4

Output: [“the”, “is”, “sunny”, “day”]

Explanation: “the”, “is”, “sunny” and “day” are the four most frequent words, with the number of occurrence being 4, 3, 2 and 1 respectively.

Note:

  1. You may assume k is always valid, 1 ≤ k ≤ number of unique elements.
  2. Input words contain only lowercase letters.

Follow up:

  1. Try to solve it in O(n log k) time and O(n) extra space.
Top K Frequent Words Amazon Online Assessment
Top K Frequent Words Amazon Online Assessment

SOLUTION

Program: Top K Frequent Words Solution in C++

static bool mycmp(pair<string,int> a,pair<string,int>b){
        if(a.second==b.second){
            return a.first<b.first;
        }
        return a.second>b.second;
    }
    vector<string> topKFrequent(vector<string>& words, int k) {
        map<string,int> mp;
        for(auto x:words){
            mp[x]++;
        }
        vector<pair<string,int>> ans(mp.begin(),mp.end());
        sort(ans.begin(),ans.end(),mycmp);
        vector<string> res;
        int i=0;
        while(k--){
            res.push_back(ans[i].first);
            i++;
        }
        return res;
    }

Program: Top K Frequent Words Solution in Java

class Solution {
public List topKFrequent(String[] words, int k) {
    if (words == null || words.length == 0) {
        return Collections.emptyList();
    }
    
    Map<String, Integer> wordMap = new HashMap<>();
    
    for (String word : words) {
        int count =  wordMap.get(word) == null ? 0 : wordMap.get(word);
        wordMap.put(word, ++count);
    }
    
    PriorityQueue<PElement> pq = new PriorityQueue<>(new PElementComparator());
    
    for (Map.Entry<String, Integer> entry : wordMap.entrySet()) {
        PElement p = new PElement(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue());
        pq.add(p);
    }
    
    List<String> result = new ArrayList<>(); 
    for (int i = 0; i < k; i++) {
        PElement element = pq.poll();
        result.add(element.word);
    }
    
    return result;
}
private static class PElement {
    String word;
    int count;
    
    public PElement(String word, int count) {
        this.word = word;
        this.count = count;
    }
    
    public String getWord() {
        return word;
    }
    public int getCount() {
        return count;
    }
}
private static class PElementComparator implements Comparator<PElement> {
    public int compare(PElement p1, PElement p2) {
        if (p1 == p2) {
            return 0;
        }
        if (p1.getCount() > p2.getCount()) {
            return -1;
        }
        if (p2.getCount() > p1.getCount()) {
            return 1;
        } 
        return p1.getWord().compareTo(p2.getWord()); 
    }
}   
}

Program: Top K Frequent Words Solution in Python

import heapq
class OppositeString:
    def __init__(self, word):
        self.word = word
    def __lt__(self, other):
        return self.word > other.word
    def __eq__(self, other):
        return self.word == other.word
            
class Solution:
    def topKFrequent(self, words: List[str], k: int) -> List[str]:                
        wordsDict = Counter(words)
        heap = []
        heapify(heap)
        
        for w in wordsDict:
            heappush(heap, (wordsDict[w], OppositeString(w)))
            if len(heap) > k:
                heappop(heap)
        
        ans = ['']*k
        for i in range(k-1, -1, -1):
            ans[i] = heappop(heap)[1].word
            
        return ans

Related: Amazon OA Online Assessment 2021 Questions and Answers

1 thought on “Top K Frequent Words Solution Amazon OA 2022”

  1. from collections import Counter
    import heapq

    class Solution:
    def topKFrequent(self, words: List[str], k: int) -> List[str]:
    words.sort()
    word_counter = Counter(words)
    top_words = word_counter.most_common(k)
    return [word for word, cnt in top_words]

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